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The Financial Repression Authority

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.

 

 

LINK HERE to our interviews

 

Last Update:  Wednesday 5/13/15 2:08 PM

   

 

 

Swiss Re:

Financial Repression has cost

U.S. Savers $470 Billion

Swiss Re report highlights how artificially low interest rates have cost U.S. savers U.S.$470 Billion .. the report also explains how financial repression has exacerbated wealth/income inequality .. Swiss Re has also crafted a "Financial Repression Index" - see above .. "Looking ahead, financial repression is likely to remain a key tool for policymakers given the moderate global growth outlook and high public debt overhang. But, as outlined in this paper, financial repression comes with significant costs. Whether the costs outweigh the benefits largely depends on the ability of governments to take advantage of the low interest rate environment by implementing the right structural reforms. So far, their record for doing so has not been comforting, as also noted by the IMF .. Additional research on financial repression could be linked to the impact of an aging society on the broader economic and financial market environment and hence the optimal policy mix. Finally, a largely unexplored area is the consequence – especially longer-term – of public authorities acting as dominant players in their own bond markets. How does this affect private capital markets, and how severe are the distortions in price formation, investment decisions, allocation to productive areas and capital flows more generally?" .. the report includes a Foreward by Swiss Re Group Chief Investment Officer Guido Fürer.

LINK HERE to get the Report

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Financial Repression is

causing Banknotes to become an

Attractive Investment -

This could cause a run on the Banking System

In his latest investment letter, Tim Price observes how the financial world is bifurcated into 2 camps - savers & speculators .. "All the forces of the world’s central banks have been devoted to shafting the former and encouraging the latter. The process ends badly. When Danish borrowers are paid to borrow by their banks and Danish savers are penalised for keeping money in the bank, something has gone gravely wrong with the financial system. Something is rotten, and not just in Denmark." .. Price also references Russell Napier who thinks that physical cash - the banknote - is now becoming an increasingly attractive investment, but warns any significant move towards this "investment" will create a run on the banking system: "This has not happened. Yet. However, with the vast bulk of ECB purchases of assets still to come, the move to negative nominal interest rates has just begun. At some stage a shift to banknotes will begin and the limits to monetary policy will become much clearer. The spluttering torch of reflation will have to be passed to governments, and extreme government measures, such as outlawing cash holdings, are already under discussion. Investors should look to the imposition of a Tobin tax on capital inflows in Sweden, Switzerland or Denmark as a key indicator that central bank action will have to be bolstered by direct government intervention in markets." .. we are in the era of financial repression.

LINK HERE for Full Article

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Financial Repression Is

Creating Financial Bubbles

"This morning’s Wall Street Journal expressed it about as plaintively as it comes. In a word, the monetary politburo is waiting for zero interest rates, massive debt monetization and its wealth effects promises and “puts” to goose the macros: 'The central bank has kept rates near zero since the recession to spur hiring, investment and spending.' .. Does it really take purportedly intelligent people six years to see that the macros are not responding? Better still, isn’t it time for the Fed to explain the exact channel by which its interest rate pegging and forward guidance is supposed to be transmitted to the main street economy? After all, if these channels are blocked or ineffective then its flood of liquidity never leaves the canyons of Wall Street. In that event, the central bank actually functions as a financial doomsday machine, inflating the next financial bubble until it bursts. Then, apparently, its job is to rinse and repeat .. How in the world, it might be asked, is it possible that the chief beneficiary of the financial repression policies of the Fed is the very most affluent segment of society? That is a salient question—-but don’t bother to ask the liberal Keynesians who run the Fed. They do no even have a clue that it’s happening."
- David Stockman

LINK HERE for Full Article

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Financial Repression Depresses

The Economy

"ZIRP (zero interest rate policy) and QE (quantitative easing) as practiced by the Fed and ECB are not boosting, but instead depressing, private sector economic activity. By using bank reserves to acquire government and agency securities, the FOMC has actually been retarding private economic growth, even while pushing up the prices of financial assets around the world. ZIRP has reduced the cost of funds for the U.S. banking system from roughly half a trillion dollars annually to less than $50 billion in 2014. This decrease in the interest expense for banks comes directly out of the pockets of savers & financial institutions. While the Fed pays banks 25bp for their reserve deposits, the remaining spread earned on the Fed’s massive securities portfolio is transferred to the U.S. Treasury – a policy that does nothing to support credit creation or growth. The income taken from bond investors due to ZIRP and QE is far larger. No matter how low interest rates go and how much debt central banks buy, the fact of financial repression where savers are penalized to advantage debtors has an overall deflationary impact on the global economy. Without a commensurate increase in national income, the elevated asset prices resulting from ZIRP and QE cannot be validated and sustained. Thus with the end of QE in the U.S. and the possibility of higher interest rates, global investors face the decline of valuations for both debt and equity securities."

- Chris Whalen

LINK HERE for Full Article

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LEGAL PRIVILEGE

"Under a fiat money standard, governments (or their central banks) may obligate themselves to bail out, with increased issues of standard money, any bank or any major bank in distress. In the late nineteenth century, the principle became accepted that the central bank must act as the "lender of last resort", which will lend money freely to banks threatened with failure. Another recent American device to abolish the confidence limitation on bank credit is "deposit insurance", whereby the government guar­antees to furnish paper money to redeem the banks’ demand li­abilities. These and similar devices remove the market brakes on rampant credit expansion.

According to Hülsmann, there are four groups of legal privileges granted by the state (usually more than one is granted):

  • Legalized Counterfeiting - the promises of banks are allowed to be more "elastic". For example, a coin marked "an ounce of gold" will be allowed to have any amount of gold or none, and can have any meaning. Banknotes were named "promises to pay", but were obscure on the details.
  • Monopoly - only some monetary products may be produced by law, like a specific metal; or only the banknotes or coins of a certain bank. This limits the freedom of choice of users of money and benefits the producers and first recipients at the detriment of others.
  • Legal Tender is a money, that must be accepted in exchanges under a predefined price. Some monies may be driven out of the market due to Gresham's Law.
  • Legalized Suspension of Payments allows banks to avoid paying their obligations, while receiving payments from their debtors. If a bank is freed from contractual obligations to redeem its money and it is also legal tender, its banknotes become genuine paper money.

With legal privileges the banks are allowed to behave more irresponsibly, which increases moral hazard.

PERMANENT POSITIVE PRICE INFLATION RATE

"Without a Fiat Currency system it is impossible to create a permanent positive price inflation rate. With the gold standard the tendency for the price level was generally deflationary... a constantly declining price levels."

"If you have declining prices then there is a very strong incentive for savers to not worry about any financial investments at all, but to just save in the form of cash ... when you have constantly increasing prices... holding cash becomes suicidal for savers. You then have only two choices. Buy Real Estate or Financial Titles. You get promises of remuneration for your savings so you are partially compensated for the lose of purchasing power."

"Deflationary Recessions are a healing process - it is what precisely gets the economy back in touch with the real world and allow you to move forward event more forcibly!

 

Please link to the page of our Austrian research seminar:

AND ask your readers to get in touch with me (jgh@guidohulsmann.com) to make a donation. All donations are tax-deductable.

 

 

 

PROFESSOR GUIDO HULSMANN talks

FINANCIAL REPRESSION

FINANCIAL REPRESSION

"Financial Repression is the name we give to all the different government interventions in which governments seek to improve their own bargaining position with financial markets."

"As a consequence of Financial Repression (that is of government intervention) people use their savings differently than they would otherwise have used. Therefore different people benefit from those savings (most probably the government itself) to a greater extent than otherwise would have been the case."

FINANCIAL REGULATION

"The most surprising developments have been regulation, like the Dodd-Frank Act, Basel III, FATCA. They are pretty intrusive. These regulations have been sold to the public as necessary to control the financial markets, which is certainly the case but this is one side, the other is precisely the cause. Governments control the markets and can force Insurance Companies, Banks, Investment Trusts to use their funds in a certain way that governments are then ready to benefit from. This is very often at the expense of the savers."

EXPECTED TRENDS

INCREASED REGULATIONS

The amount of paperwork and red tape that will be required to comply with expanding regulations is already growing dramatically. "We already require by law in Europe, for example, for an Investment Fund to have a Risk Officer who reports directly to the Ministry of Finance. It is absolutely mind boggling and it makes it very difficult for people to continue doing business profitably - it makes it quite miserable unless you are a big firm!" "These rules boil down to squeezing all small and even medium sized businesses out of business!"

'FORCED LENDING TO THE STATE OF FORCED SAVINGS'

"I expect a trend that will become much larger and more important in the future is what I call "Forced Lending to the State of Forced Savings!" Professor Hulsmann sees Pensions as being a particularly attractive target for this sort of trend.

PRICE RIGGING

We have already seen this most evidently in the area of Precious Metals price rigging. "This is because they are the natural alternative to hold savings outside of Financial Markets and Real Estate Markets! Both are artificially bloated thanks to central bank policy."... "it is natural that people turn to Precious Metals because there is no counterparty risk".

 

LINK HERE to the video

 

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The True Purpose of Negative-Interest-Rate Policy

For some reason, those who argue that the originary interest rate has become negative seem to overlook that the originary interest rate is a phenomena which is not confined to credit markets. It pervades all markets in which present goods are exchanged for future goods.

For instance, the originary interest rate prevails at each stage of the economy’s time-consuming roundabout production. The originary interest rate also exists in the stock market, where investors exchange present money against a claim on future money (that is a firm’s dividend payment).

If they wanted to be consistent, the believers in a negative originary interest rate would have to call for a policy that does not only make interest rates negative in real terms in the credit market, but also in the markets for, say, stocks and housing.

However, a policy that advocates destroying firms’ values and peoples’ housing wealth wouldn’t be taken too kindly by the public at large; and those economists recommending it couldn’t expect being cheered.

The consequence of a policy of a negative real market interest rate should have become obvious by now:

It is an actually perfidious policy for debasing the real value of outstanding debt; and it is a recipe for wreaking havoc on the economy.

 

 

The "Natural Interest Rate" Is Always Positive And Cannot Be Negative!

Professor Dr. Thorsten Polleit

Market interest rates may become negative in real terms. In a “hampered market,” for instance, the central bank can push the real market interest rate into negative territory. However, this does not, and cannot, represent an equilibrium, as time preference and thus the originary interest rate cannot become negative.

Should a central bank really succeed in making all market interest rates negative in real terms, savings and investment would come to a shrieking halt: as time preference and the originary interest rate are always positive, “capitalistic saving” — the accumulation of goods designed for improving the production process — would come to an end. Capital consumption would ensue, throwing mankind back into poverty. It would be the end of the market economy.

It might be interesting to note in this context that, for instance, the German national socialists had called for the abolition, the prohibition of the interest rate. Now you know why: Without a positive (originary) interest rate, the market economy will cease to function.

LINK HERE for Full Article

 

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"You want to engender rising employment, rising income so people aren't as reliant on credit. I think that is the problem our system has had over the last 30 years. We have become Credit centric versus Income centric!"

"We have been conducting this 'pulmonary resuscitation' to a fundamentally dead financial system rather than use the money to revive the economy and transition it into more productive economic activity."

CONTROL FRAUD

"When you have an economy that is over financialized and banks account for a disproportionate amounts of activity, and you have a compensation incentive system that is highly dependent on share price appreciation, then you provide a very perverse incentive for business not to invest in productive business affairs but to use excessive cash to buyback shares."

"What is worse is you begin to use all sorts of accounting tricks. This is what Professor Bill Black calls 'Control Fraud' . You get a form of casino capitalism. Actually, the casinos in Las Vegas are regulated more favorably than the banks are."

PRIVATE DEBT BUILD-UP

Marshall Auerback believes we have had excessive build-up in Corporate and Household debt. "When you have a demand shock, then servicing that debt becomes a problem. You end up with a large build-up of public debt in response." Unfortunately those who benefited now want cuts to things like Medicare that were not the cause of the problem. "Its a pretty perverse example of the wrong headed people running our system."

 

 

MARSHALL AUERBACK OF INET talks

FINANCIAL REPRESSION

FINANCIAL REPRESSION

"Financial Repression can be a fairly loaded word. I think you can say that anytime you have a central bank which is a monopoly of anything, which can establish a price, you can have repression. I am less concerned with the labels and more concerned with the fact that we have been in response to this unprecedented crisis, been increasingly undertaking exotic experiments on behalf of the central banks. Most notably Quantitative Easing. It has had the effect of repressing interest rates or keeping them low. This of course is great for borrowers, but has the unintended by-product of depriving people of income."

A FLAWED SYSTEM

Financial Repression is an experiment that " is flawed in terms of the economics behind it. I don't think it does much to help elevate aggregate demand (spending power) and it turns out to be a large implicit subsidy for the financial sector."

"As far as I am concerned we are already over-financed as an economy and do too much for the banks anyway. It is really a fundamentally mistaken policy approach!"

TRENDS SINCE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS

"We have had three rounds of Quantitative Easing by the Fed, we have undertaken similar policies in Japan and more recently in Europe. If you look at the impact it has been rather minimal! The Japanese economy is still pretty stagnant. The US is growing but I believe that has less to do with QE and more to do with the fact that we had a fairly robust fiscal policy response after the crisis in 2009. Likewise in Europe we have been mired in depression like numbers which is worse than anything we had in the 1930s. It hasn't worked but we keep trying it."

"The economics behind it are flawed. it is based on the notion that if a bank buys a bond and puts reserves into the banking system that somehow it can encourage the banker to lend. We actually don't lend out reserves and are only used for interbank lending amongst banks. Also lending is a two way process. You have to have a credit worthy borrower and a credit worthy lender. If you have individuals or business that are piled down with debt they may not be very credit worthy or they may be less inclined to take on more debt"

 

LINK HERE to the video

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HOW TO ADJUST:

Cash alone may not cut it. Consider whether you are properly diversified to generate the income you need,

Add risk-mitigating strategies to provide downside protection and total return,

Consider moving a portion of your fixed income portfolio out of traditional instruments for income,

Look beyond traditional bonds for alternative sources of income,

Have adequate exposure to equities,

Use an actively managed multi-asset solution

Post-QE, Active Management will be key to uncovering growth opportunities.

 

 

ALLIANZ GLOBAL TALKS

FINANCIAL REPRESSION

FINANCIAL REPRESSION

What is financial repression?

Government actions (lower interest rates, increased regulations, etc.) to reduce debt while maintaining inflation

Goal: Create negative real (after-inflation) returns and inflate away public debt by forcing real rates below GDP growth

Why does it matter to investors?

It’s a “stealth tax” that systematically strips wealth; “safe” investments no longer generate enough income

It rewards debtors and punishes savers—especially retirees

Financial repression: It’s happening now around the globe

A Financial Repression checklist:

  • Extremely low key interest rates and bond yields
  • Central bank purchases of government bonds
  • Political pressure on banks to purchase government bonds
  • Nationalization of select banks
  • Repression-friendly regulatory measures
  • Restrictions on foreign capital movements
  • Pension asset transfers to government

LINK HERE to the video

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Subscribe to Incrementum's

"Risk-On" & "Risk Off"

Financial Markets Timing Indicator

LINK HERE for more info on Incrementum

 

Buy & Store Gold & Silver

Outside of the Banking System

Securely Store it in

Switzerland, Hong Kong or Singapore

LINK HERE for more info on GoldSwitzerland

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LATEST MACRO ANALYTICS ON FINANCIAL REPRESSION

 

LATEST UnderTheLens UPDATE ANALYSIS ON FINANCIAL REPRESSION

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FINANCIAL REPRESSION TIMELINE - LONGER TERM

FINANCIAL REPRESSION TIMELINE - NEAR TERM

2014

2015

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Q4
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BAIL-INS-EU
YELLEN / FISHER ON RECORD
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** Current Details Below

CURRENT FINANCIAL REPRESSION INITIATIVES

MONEY MARKET FUND GATES (SEC REGULATIONS)
  • “Redemption Gates” for Money Market Funds Acting Man --"The adoption of 'redemption gates' effectively means that money market fund boards will be able to suspend the property rights of their customers. Once again, this creates a big disadvantage for the money market fund industry in favor of banks, since demand deposits will continue to lack such 'redemption gates', in spite of the fact that banks are de facto unable to actually pay out all demand deposits, or even a large portion of them, 'on demand'. It is an interesting detail that retail customers are to be exempt from this regulation based on the idea that they are basically too addled to react to crisis conditions. Why are such regulations held to be required at all? Are regulators implying that the system has not been 'made safe' by adopting several telephone book-sized tomes of additional regulations?"
  • SEC Votes Through Money Market Exit Gates Zero Hedge -- the SEC has adopted the news rules designed to curb the risk of money market investor runs .. "Among the changes, funds will have to switch to a floating share price instead of the current $1/share (hence the term breaking the buck). But the key part: 'The SEC's rule will require prime money market funds to move from a stable $1 per share net asset value, to a floating NAV. It also will let fund boards lower redemption 'gates' and fees in times of market stress." .. suggests this may send money market investor rushing out & into other asset classes - the SEC, the Federal Reserve & the U.S. Treasury hope that asset class is stocks to keep the stock market rising .. "Clearly, everyone understand that the only purpose behind implementing 'gates' is to redirect the herd. And with some $2.6 trillion in assets, money markets can serve as a convenient source of 'forced buying' now that QE is tapering if only for the time being. The only question is whether the herd will agree to this latest massive behavioral experiment by the Fed, and allocate their funds to a stock market which is now trading at a higher P/E multiple than during the last market peak."
  • U.S. SEC poised to adopt reforms for money market funds Reuters
  • Fund managers on alert over money market shake-up FT -The SEC is looking to drive money market funds to only government securities, especially institutional money market funds - this means money market funds will be helping to pay for the government debt ..  The SEC is also planning to allow fees and restrictions on redemptions in times of stress, but it is not clear how widely these will be applied across the money markets - FT: "Any restrictions on redemptions may not be severe at first, but the regulations will only become more restrictive over time. Don't waste time thinking you are going to monitor the situation and get out later. Get out now, when the getting is easy."

 

Do you know the difference between a money market fund and a money market account? CNBC Personal Finance Reporter Sharon Epperson explains the big difference

BAIL-IN (GLOBAL - G20 LEGISLATION)

  • Australia: 'Bail in' Rules May Be Inevitable In Australia - August 22, 2021 Bail in' rules may be inevitable, says David Murray of the Financial Systems Inquiry Chair in Australia .. "It appears there’s a wide consensus that bail-in would considerably expand the buffer, would further assist in the mechanisms for the protection of depositors, and importantly would create a system where it is less likely that the government would be dragged into a crisis." .. Australia may have little choice but to adopt “bail-in” rules that expose bank creditors to losses, due to our dependence on foreign capital .. more financial repression.
  • Canada: Department Of Finance Releases Proposal For Canadian Bail-In Regime Canada's government is looking to implement a bail-in regime to limit exposure to a government bailout - the idea is for troubled banks to shaft bank depositors of their bank deposits first .. "The G-20, including Canada, endorsed the Financial Stability Board's Key Attributes of Effective Resolution Regimes for Financial Institutions in 2011, a set of best practices for the resolution of financial institutions which contemplates the establishment of a bail-in regime."

PENSION CONTROLS

CAPITAL CONTROLS (CASEY RESEARCH ON COMING CAPITAL CONTROLS)

.

POLICY CONTROLS (Monetary, Fiscal, Public & Tax Policy)

  • January 2015 Financial Repression - New IMF Paper on The Liquidation of Government Debt New IMF paper by Carmen Reinhart & M. Belen Sbrancia .. presents how public debt is often reduced through the use of financial repression - a tax on bondholders & savers via negative or below market real interest rates .. from abstract:High public debt often produces the drama of default and restructuring. But debt is also reduced through financial repression, a tax on bondholders and savers via negative or below-market real interest rates. After WWII, capital controls and regulatory restrictions created a captive audience for government debt .. Financial repression is most successful in liquidating debt when accompanied by inflation. For the advanced economies, real interest rates were ne gative ½ of the time during 1945–1980. Average annual interest expense savings for a 12—country sample range from about 1 to 5% of GDP for the full 1945–1980 period. We suggest that, once again, financial repression may be part of the toolkit deployed to cope with the most recent surge in public debt in advanced economies."
  • October 2014 - Financial Repression is Very Low Interest Rates for a Very Long Time The 16th annual Geneva Report by the International Centre for Monetary and Banking Studies & written by senior economists including 3 former senior central bankers, predicts interest rates across the world will have to stay low for a "very, very long" time to enable households, companies, & governments to service their debts and avoid another crash .. The report's authors expect interest rates to stay lower than market expectations because the rise in debt means that borrowers would be unable to withstand faster rate rises .. "Global debt-to-GDP is still growing, breaking new highs .. At the same time, in a poisonous combination, world growth and inflation are also lower than previously expected, also – though not only – as a legacy of the past crisis. Deleveraging and slower nominal growth are in many cases interacting in a vicious loop, with the latter making the deleveraging process harder and the former exacerbating the economic slowdown. Moreover, the global capacity to take on debt has been reduced through the combination of slower expansion in real output and lower inflation." 
  • October 2014 - Financial Repression is the likely approach for Governments to pay down debt Great insightful article on financial repression by Daniel Amerman .. questions how the U.S. federal government can pay down its enormous debt .. sees 4 primary options that the government can take: 1) Decades of austerity with higher taxes and lower government spending. 2) Defaulting on government debts. 3) Inflating away the value of the debt through rapidly slashing the value of the currency. 4) Using "Financial Repression", a process that is complex enough that the average voter never understands how it works, thus allowing governments to use this potent but subtle method of taking vast sums of private wealth, year after year, decade after decade, with almost no political consequences. The essay reminds readers the 4th option is the likely approach, points out the world took this approach in the 1940s through the 1970s to pay down government debt .. "Because of the sheer size of the problem – most of the population must be made to participate, year after year. Financial Repression therefore uses an assortment of carrots and sticks to ensure that investors have little choice but to participate – on a playing field that has been rigged against them as a matter of design – even if they are among the small minority who are aware of what is being done to them."The essay covers 4 areas of financial repression: 1) Inflation (Shearing #1)  2) Negative Real Interest Rates (Shearing #2) 3) Funding By Financial Institutions (Fence #1). 4) Capital Controls (Fence #2). 
  • September 2014 - Governments Implementing Financial Repression International Man article on how western world indebted governments need money, how they will protect the big banks at the expense of the citizens with financial repression ..  The International Monetary Fund (IMF) published a horrifying paper, called The Fund’s Lending Framework and Sovereign Debt. That paper in turn was based on one from December 2013, called Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises: Some Lessons Learned and Those Forgotten .. The December 2013 document, right at the start, says that financial repression is necessary: "The claim is that advanced countries do not need to resort to the standard toolkit of emerging markets, including debt restructurings and conversions, higher inflation, capital controls and other forms of financial repression .. As we document, this claim is at odds with the historical track record of most advanced economies, where debt restructuring or conversions, financial repression, and a tolerance for higher inflation, or a combination of these were an integral part of the resolution of significant past debt overhangs." .. The IMF report goes on to say: "Governments can stuff debt into local pension funds and insurance companies, forcing them through regulation to accept far lower rates of return than they might otherwise demand .. Domestic defaults, restructurings, or conversions are particularly difficult to document and can sometimes be disguised as 'voluntary' .. The Fund would be able to provide exceptional access on the basis of a debt operation that involves an extension of maturities .. That means that 30-day notes can be instantly turned into 30-year bonds." - this last sentence means the ability to change 30-day notes into 30-year bonds, effectively holding the money captive for a much longer period of time
  • Monetary Policy & Financial Repression in Britain, 1951 - 59 New book coming out by William Allen on Monetary Policy and Financial Repression in Britain, 1951 - 59 .. this book explores the politics of formulating monetary policy in the 1950s, the tools implementing it & discusses the parallels between the present monetary policy & that of 1951 .. "Drawing on official archives, this study describes how monetary policy was decided on, implemented and communicated at a time when the government was struggling with massive post-war debts while maintaining welfare and military spending and cutting taxes. It discusses the roles of the Governor of the Bank of England, Cameron Cobbold, and of successive Chancellors R.A. Butler, Harold Macmillan, Peter Thorneycroft and Derick Heathcoat Amory, and Macmillan's continued dominance of monetary policy after he became Prime Minister. It explains the intimate relationships between monetary policy, government debt management and fiscal policy, and the use of 'financial repression'."
  • Low Interest Rates & Inflation To Address Financial Repression Article points out the worse things get on the European financial/economic crisis, the more pressure there is on the European Central Bank (ECB) to print money - stocks will likely go up as this happens on the anticipation that the ECB will given in & start money printing .. "The ECB would print money and use it to buy eurozone government bonds, in order to prop up the region’s banking sector, and to encourage more risk-taking by lenders and investors. Of course, any hint of more money-printing always cheers the market, and European stocks reacted well to the news." .. the article points to how U.S. & UK stocks have similarly reacted positively on all the money printing .. whether all this money is good for the economy or whether it even benefits the economy in any positive way is another question .. the article emphasizes the approach of financial repression taken by the U.S. & UK in keeping interest rates down & allowing inflation to rise in order to pay off some government debt via inflation, rather than by defaulting or cutting back spending .. most western world governments are in this bind, so that "we could see interest rates staying lower than markets expect for some time. And in the longer run, we could see a lot more inflation than we’ve been used to as well" .. in terms of investing, the article suggests sticking with countries that are looking to do more money printing & that have relatively inexpensive stock markets, such as Europe or Japan.
  • This Is Going To Destabilize The Entire World Financial System Ronald-Peter Stoferle, Incrementum AG "Bond prices in practically all industrialized nations are near all-time highs. Never before have interest rates been this low on a global basis. If one examines these events more closely, it becomes clear that the underlying problems cannot be solved by global zero interest rate policy, but that the natural selection process of the market is instead being undermined .. Interest rates are the heart, soul and life of the free enterprise system .. This truth is however veiled and distorted at the moment. Governments, financial institutions, entrepreneurs and consumers that are acting in an uneconomic manner are thus kept artificially afloat. As a result, instead of them being punished for their errors, these errors are perpetuated. Protraction of this process of selection leads to a structural weakening of the economy, and a concomitant increase in the system's fragility .. Declining interest rate levels make a gradual increase in public indebtedness possible, while the interest burden (as a share of government spending) does not grow .. Without negative real interest rates, the steadily growing mountains of debt would long ago have ceased to be sustainable. Central banks are increasingly prisoners of the policy of over-indebtedness .. Central banks and governments are currently trying to create an increase in prosperity out of nothing. Such a monetary perpetuum mobile would be quite desirable for humankind, however, historically such attempts have at best led to a brief sugar high followed by a major hangover.
  • Alasdair Macleod On The Markets: Keep Calm & Carry On "Investment is now all about the trend and little else. You never have to value anything properly any more: just measure confidence. This approach to investing resonates with post-Keynesian economics and government planning. The expectations of the crowd, or its animal spirits, are now there to be managed. No longer is there the seemingly irrational behaviour of unfettered markets dominated by independent thinkers. Forward guidance is just the latest manifestation of this policy. It represents the triumph of economic management over the markets .. Doubtless there is a growing band of central bankers who believe that with this control they have finally discovered Keynes’s Holy Grail: the euthanasia of the rentier and his replacement by the state as the primary source of business capital. This being the case, last month’s dip in the markets will turn out to be just that, because intervention will simply continue and if necessary be ramped up .. But in the process, all market risk is being transferred from bonds, equities and all other financial assets into currencies themselves; and it is the outcome of their purchasing power that will prove to be the final judgement in the debate of markets versus economic planning."
  • The Fed's Financial Repression At Work: How Big Blue Was Turned Into A Wall Street Slush Fund David Stockman -- "IBM is a poster child for the ill-effects of the Fed’s financial repression. In effect, the Fed’s zero interest rate policies are telling big companies to issue truckloads of debt and use the proceeds to buyback shares hand-over-fist. That way fast money speculators on Wall Street are appeased by the resulting share price lift, and top executives collect bigger winnings on their stock options."
  • BoJ To Engage In 'Financial Repression'; We Stay Long USD/JPY - BNPP 07-11-14 eFX News "Japan now has one of the highest inflation rates in the G10. Our economists expect the BoJ to engage in ‘financial repression’ to restrain the rise in JGB yields that results from Japan’s fiscal dynamics," BNPP says as a rationale behind this view. "A larger overshoot in Japan’s inflation rate would also see the yen weaken. If inflation gets out of hand, we could, our economists suggest, see an ‘operation twist’ policy in Japan – similar to that witnessed in the US. This would entail aggressive purchases of JGBs coupled with interest rate hikes to stave off inflation. The resultant inversion in the yield curve, along with the upside shock to inflation, is a risk scenario for Japan and the ensuing adverse growth-inflation paradigm would necessarily entail a weaker yen," BNPP argues. "In addition, a re-allocation in the government pension investment fund (GPIF) and a likely pick-up in Japanese outflows will mean JPY weakens," BNPP adds.
  • MyRA
    MyRA - More About Getting Votes Than Helping Middle Class
    The Three Stooges Debunk myRA - Zero Hedge
    The MyRA Propaganda Begins A Start To A Secure Retirement Promises Treasury Secretary
    .
    .
    Obama To Unveil Treasury IRAs, Or Planning For A Post-Monetization World
    The Next Shoe To Drop On Your Retirement Account
    Default, Deflation and Financial Repression
    ECB Seriously Considering Negative Interest Rates; New Central Bank Mottos
    First It Was Bail-Ins And Now EU Sees “Personal Pension Savings” As “Plug” For Banks
    Furious Backlash Forces HSBC To Scrap Large Cash Withdrawal Limit
    .
    .
    We Are From The Government And We Are Here To Offer You A No Risk, Guaranteed Return Investment Product
    .
    Theft Is Deflationary - Especially The Crony-CapitalistState Kind
    When Saving Interest Rates Go Negative

REGULATORY CONTROLS & ENFORCEMENT

  • U.S. Pushing Banks On Dodd-Frank Act To Make It Easier For Government To FREEZE YOUR MONEY - Financial Repression Via Regulations "The U.S. wants big banks to simplify their Dodd-Frank Act resolution plans so it's easier for government to freeze your money." .. Bloomberg reports on the progress made by Wall Street banks developing their "living wills" as part of the Dodd-Frank Act legislation attempting to minimize "too big to fail" banks .. Bloomberg: "The Federal Reserve and Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. told 11 of the largest U.S. and foreign banks, including JP Morgan Chase & Co. (JPM) and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (GS), that they botched their so-called living wills. The agencies ordered the banks to simplify their legal structures and revise some practices to make sure they can collapse without damaging the wider financial system." Jim Rickards:
  • Fischer worries about macroprudential policy- 07-10-14 FT Mr Fischer’s most interesting remarks relate to his experience with macroprudential policy in Israel. Israel’s bank supervisor used a range of tools to restrict mortgage lending and try to avert a housing bubble. Mr Fischer draws three lessons:
  • Basel Accord II and III - 05-16-14 Cliff Küle

PUBLIC & PRIVATE PRESSURES & PENALTIES

Placing the Government Debt on the back off Savers & Pensioners

(ie the 75M Baby Boomers About to Retire)

REPORTING DISTORTIONS (Economic & Gov't Statistics)

  • September 2014 - Financial Repression Through Shrinkflation Financial Repression Using Shrinkflation: "As ‘shrinkflation’ becomes no longer viable, it will soon reveal itself in the form of higher consumer prices. And with central banks around the world creating inflation as a policy measure so as to inflate away the world’s massive debt pile, the question remains as to whether the central banks will be able to control this deliberately induced inflation in an environment where ‘shrinkflation’ no longer works."

CAPITAL & FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS

POLITICAL SUASION (Political Pressures & Quid Pro Quo)

EXPROPRIATION

 

OUR THESIS PAPER

ABSTRACT

Through the Process of Abstraction the 2012 Thesis outlines how the Global Macro is presently on a well defined path towards a global Fiat Currency Failure and the emergence of a New World Order.

2012 will be highlighted by social unrest during a period of heightened conflict and tension. As economic growth declines and chronic unemployment becomes even more broad based on the world stage, Macro Prudential Policies of Financial Repression will accelerate.

Increasing centralized planning and control by sovereign government will further push advanced societies towards collectism and statism.

ABSTRACTION

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Neither Gordon T Long nor the FInancial Repression Authority (nor any of its operating entities) is a registered advisor and does not give investment advice. His comments are an expression of opinion only and should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as recommendations to buy or sell a stock, option, future, bond, commodity or any other financial instrument at any time. Of course, he recommends that you consult with a qualified investment advisor, one licensed by appropriate regulatory agencies in your legal jurisdiction, before making any investment decisions, and barring that, we encourage you confirm the facts on your own before making important investment commitments.

THE CONTENT OF ALL MATERIALS:  SLIDE PRESENTATION AND THEIR ACCOMPANYING RECORDED AUDIO DISCUSSIONS, VIDEO PRESENTATIONS, NARRATED SLIDE PRESENTATIONS AND WEBZINES (hereinafter "The Media") ARE INTENDED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.

The Media is not a solicitation to trade or invest, and any analysis is the opinion of the author and is not to be used or relied upon as investment advice. Trading and investing  can involve substantial risk of loss. Past performance is no guarantee of future returns/results. Commentary is only the opinions of the authors and should not to be used for investment decisions. You must carefully examine the risks associated with investing of any sort and whether investment programs are suitable for you. You should never invest or consider investments without a complete set of disclosure documents, and should consider the risks prior to investing. The Media is not in any way a substitution for disclosure. Suitability of investing decisions rests solely with the investor. Your acknowledgement of this Disclosure and Terms of Use Statement is a condition of access to it.  Furthermore, any investments you may make are your sole responsibility. 

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Gordon emperically recommends that you consult with a qualified investment advisor, one licensed by appropriate regulatory agencies in your legal jurisdiction, before making any investment decisions, and barring that, he  encourages you confirm the facts on your own before making important investment commitments.
  

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Information herein was obtained from sources which Mr. Long believes reliable, but he does not guarantee its accuracy. None of the information, advertisements, website links, or any opinions expressed constitutes a solicitation of the purchase or sale of any securities or commodities.

Please note that Mr. Long may already have invested or may from time to time invest in securities that are discussed or otherwise covered on this website. Mr. Long does not intend to disclose the extent of any current holdings or future transactions with respect to any particular security. You should consider this possibility before investing in any security based upon statements and information contained in any report, post, comment or recommendation you receive from him.

 

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If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.   

COPYRIGHT  © Copyright 2010-2015 Gordon T Long. The information herein was obtained from sources which Mr. Long believes reliable, but he does not guarantee its accuracy. None of the information, advertisements, website links, or any opinions expressed constitutes a solicitation of the purchase or sale of any securities or commodities. Please note that Mr. Long may already have invested or may from time to time invest in securities that are recommended or otherwise covered on this website. Mr. Long does not intend to disclose the extent of any current holdings or future transactions with respect to any particular security. You should consider this possibility before investing in any security based upon statements and information contained in any report, post, comment or recommendation you receive from him.

 

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Financial Repression describes an economic policy in which capital controls and regulations are implemented by governments and central banks, the aim of which is to reduce public debt burdens through the distortion of financial market pricing.
"When things get bad enough, governments will do anything." – Jim Rickards
 
 

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"People ask if we'll have a 'bail-in' in the United States .. Given ATM limits, foreign wire limits and Federal Reserve exit fees on bond funds, I'd say it's already here." - Jim Rickards

The 4 Pillars of Financial Repression:

1- Inflation
2- Negative Interest Rates
3- Ring Fencing
4- Obfuscation and Mis-information
 

Posts are A JOINT INITIATIVE OF

GordonTLong.com and CliffKule.com

 
 
Financial Repression always means a combination of measures that lead to a notable narrowing of the investment universe for investors. Money is thus channeled into specific directions to create a ‘home bias.

TOOLS USED

The next bailout will be the U.S. government. They will seize all pension funds and 401Ks to absorb the debt. They are realizing that as the war cycle turns up, less and less foreigners will buy U.S. debt ... The solution – forced loans." - Martin Armstrong

1- Monetary Policy
2- Distortions - Statistics, Reporting
3- Fiscal Policy - Budget Deficits
4- Moral Suasion - Political Pressures
5- Taxation - ROE, ROI
6-Regulators - Financial Requirements & Enforcement
7- Stealth Credit Spreads
8- Capital Account & Financial Excahnge Controls
PILLARS OF FINANCIAL REPRESSION

"We’re going to take your pension plan and give you government bonds so that you have a guaranteed return .. That’s how they’ll rationalize taking our money. They know where all the pension plans are because we have to report it, so they’re easily accessible by governments. They know where they are, what they are, and they’ll be able to snatch them away. Who knows what they’ll do, but they’ll certainly find some way to take our money when things get worse, they always have." – Jim Rogers

1- Strict investment regulations (Solvency II, Basel III)
2- Negative real interest rates g
3- Interest rate ceilings s
4- Open credit dirigisme
5- Nationalizations
6-Regulation of cross-border capital movementst
7- Prohibition of unwanted trading practices such as naked short selling
8- Compulsory loans
9- Prohibition of certain investment assets (e.g. gold)
10- Special taxes (e.g. securities taxes, financial transaction taxes, wealth taxes, higher value added tax on silver, import duties on gold etc.)
11- Direct interventions, such as government intervention in pension funds (Portugal, Ireland, France, Hungary) and subsequent redeployment of investments in favor of government bonds.
12-Growing discrepancy between financing costs of private sector participants versus governments.

13- Haircuts on deposits (e.g. Cyprus)

OUR COMMENTARY

"This manipulation of the yield on government debt is the answer for the government, and socially, it is so much more acceptable than the alternatives. Whatever you think of the history of hyperinflation, austerity, default and deflation, they are socially incredibly disruptive, incredibly socially dangerous, and many of those market-driven events have led to warfare or massive domestic social unrest. I think in the grand scheme of things when the government sits down and decides which avenue to pursue, this avenue of repression .. will always be more socially acceptable than the market-driven events of austerity, hyperinflation, deflation, devaluation." - Russell Napier, CLSA

THE BUYBACK TAX RUSE Its a Free Tax Ride for Corporations - 07 July 2021

Financial Repression Goes Global - 05 June 2021

 

From the U.S. standpoint, it’s now a case of 'inflate or die,' and much of the world knows this. Thus if the U.S. decides not to default on its massive debts, it will have to resort to hyperinflation. If this happens, the U.S. will single-handedly tear the world monetary system apart. What worries me is that governments will do whatever they have to in order to remain in power. This can result in confiscation of the assets of U.S. citizens .. America's massive debts will ultimately upset the world’s monetary system." - Richard Russell

PRESENTATIONS

 

GRAPHICS

"There will be future bail-ins [loss of deposits] and other types of confiscation of wealth in the eurozone, without a doubt .. There's no other realistic way forward if politicians continue to fail to deal with the basic indebtedness problem across Europe." - Lars Christensen, the Head of Saxo Bank

Click Graphics to Enlarge

VIDEOS

“By a continuing process of inflation, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an important part of the wealth of their citizens. By this method they not only confiscate, but they confiscate arbitrarily; and, while the process impoverishes many, it actually enriches some. The sight of this arbitrary rearrangement of riches strikes not only at security, but at confidence in the equity of the existing distribution of wealth.. “..There is no subtler, no surer means of overturning the existing basis of society than to debauch the currency. The process engages all the hidden forces of economic law on the side of destruction, and does it in a manner which not one man in a million is able to diagnose.”-John Maynard Keynes

 

 

 

 

PODCASTS

EDUCATIONAL AIDS

The term ‘Financial Repression’ was first employed by McKinnon and Shaw in 1973 and has been rediscovered in the course of the current crisis by Reinhart and Sbrancia in their paper “The Liquidation of Government Debt.”

Federal Reserve Must Print Money To Keep Interest Rates Low - Cliff Küle 05 June 2021

Financial Repression To Accelerate With Increased Desperation - KWN 24 March 2021

Monetary Policy Under Financial Repression: China's Long-Term Outlook Financial Sense 20 Dec 2021