Toward Solutions for Youth Employment
A 2015 Baseline Report
 
i
Acknowledgments
This report was prepared by a team under the direction of S4YE Coalition Manager Matthew Hobson. Nicole Goldin was the lead author.Contributing authors were Veronica Lopez, World Bank; Susana Puerto Gonzalez, International Labor Organization; Peter Glick with Nelly Mejia and Francisco Perez-Arce,
1
 Rand Institute; and Mattias Lundberg, World Bank. Contributing researchers and writers were Angela Jhanji, S4YE Secretariat, and Maria Andersen. Country background studies were prepared by consulting and S4YE partner researchers, including Farzana Munshi (Bangladesh), Silvia Margarita Rubio Jovel (El Salvador), Noura Kamel, Thomas Chidiac (Tunisia), Mariska van Gaalen, Tendai Pasipanodya, and Christina Tewes-Gradl (Uganda). The authors are grateful to the following peer and partner reviewers, whose thoughtful comments and insights significantly improved the direction and content of the report: Omar Arias, Valentina Barcucci, Roberta Gatti, Lisa H. Neuberger-Fernandez, Niall O’Higgins, Siddharth Sharma, Damien Shiels, Heidi Strawson. Many others have significantly contributed to the development of this report, including Dominique Airey, Anush Bezhanyan, Raiden C. Dillard, Matthew Edwards, Philip Gunn, Sergio Iriarte, Nader Kabbani, Delores McLaughlin, Mary Anne Mulligan, James Murray, Lekha Ragavendran, Safa Razeghi, Jose Romero, Friederike Uta Rother, and Peter Shiras amongst others.
1
 
The contribution of Peter Glick, Nelly Mejia and Francisco Perez-Arce was made possible through the generous support of the Pardee Initiative for Global Human Progress at the Pardee RAND Graduate School and RAND’s Center for Middle East Public Policy.
 
Table of Contents
Part I: The Contextual Baseline ......................................................................................................... 29
Chapter 1
Introduction .............................................................................................. 31
1.1
 
Youth Employment: A Timely and Strategic Investment ............................................ 311.2
 
Introducing Solutions for Youth Employment (S4YE) ................................................. 371.3
 
Setting a Baseline for Youth Employment ..................................................................... 42
Chapter 2
State of Youth Employment: Data and Trends ................................. 43
2.1
 
Demographics ...................................................................................................................... 442.2
 
Labor Force Participation, Unemployment and NEETs .............................................. 462.3
 
Participation in Education .................................................................................................. 492.4
 
Vulnerable Employment and Informal Work ................................................................ 502.5
 
Entrepreneurship and Financial Inclusion ..................................................................... 552.6
 
Conclusions ........................................................................................................................... 58Boxes, Figures, and Tables ............................................................................................................ vForeword ........................................................................................................................................... viiiAbbreviations .................................................................................................................................... x
Overview .................................................................................................... 1
View on Scribd